New South Wales Steam:
The Final Years

A look at a cross section of the  operational steam power on the
state owned rail system in New South Wales Australia in the 1960s
There are over 50 historic pictures of steam power in the state of New South Wales Australia in the 1960s on this page. They are reproduced from some of my color slides and black and white negatives. If you like this sort of thing, then it is worth waiting for the page to load; and you don't have to scroll as Pictures on this page can be    clicked on to advance to next.   Garratt 6029 to Parkes 1981 Video    8 mm films of the 1960s

01 of 60
 Garratt 6040 with an ARE special
The Victorian based Association of Railway Enthusiasts, ran a multi day tour to the Central West region of New South Wales. Garratt number 6011 was utilised between Dubbo and Orange via Euchareena and is here seen while pausing at Wellington along the way. (Video below)

3803 at Bundanoon
Not long after sunrise on a chilly morning, the overnight mail train from Sydney, drawn by streamlined bullet nosed 3803, waits at Bundanoon on the main southern line, for a faster train to pass, ; which is shown overtaking in the following picture.

4442 with a long passenger train 
 passing 3803 with its mixed mail train at Bundanoon
Pacific loco 3803 with the overnight mixed mail train from Sydney including two passenger cars at the rear and with some flat wagons carrying earthmoving machinery, is overtaken by a long passenger train at Bundanoon, being drawn by diesel electric, Alco powered locomotive 4442, while a member of 3803's crew observes its rapid progress towards Goulburn.

3801 and 3616 on the southern line
The Association of Railway Enthusiasts (ARE), ran a tour to Canberra which included a side trip to Crookwell, and an extension to Moss Vale. (some Other pictures taken on this tour can be seen below) On the way back to Victoria, part of the journey was planned to be double headed behind locos 3801 and 3616. The final stage of the run to Albury was handled by with 3801 on its own.

3801 and 3616
Locos 3616 and 3801 at a photo stop on an ARE tour on the southern line

3813 on the Southern Highlands Express
Green liveried 3813 with the Sydney bound Southern Highlands Express on the main southern line near Bundanoon

4214 and 3224 on the Canberra line
Two locos of the 32 class, numbers 14 and 24, head the railway enthusiast special on its return from Canberra towards the main southern line at Goulburn, here crossing a bridge at a scenic photographic stop.

Garratt 6040 and 3616 Dubbo
Garratt loco 6011, after running the enthusiast special (as pictured above), to Orange, returned to Dubbo during the night, and the next day returned to more normal duties by double heading with 3649 on a goods train back to Dubbo, but this time via Molong.

6011 and 3649 near Dubbo
Above is 4-8-4 + 4-8-4 Garratt number 6011, with 4-6-0 number 3649 in the lead, both teamed for duty, a consequence of which was to be much impressive action resulting from their battles with the unavoidable grades ahead on the main line to Orange.

Garratt 6029 to Parkes 1981
from Graeme Reid on Vimeo.
Locos at Broadmeadow NSW
On a Sunday afternoon, there were plenty of locomotives at Broadmeadow near Newcastle having their hard earned day off

Engines Broadmeadow
This picture of the other angle is taken from the same place as the previous and show other engines around this turntable

Garratt Locos at 
 Broadmeadow depot
On Sundays at Broadmeadow near Newcastle in steam days, there could also be found a large number of Garratt locomotives at the depot. Here, five 263 ton Garratts 6041, 6029, 6035, 6023, 6025, enjoy their day of rest while newer 111 ton Alco diesel electric loco 4003, which has edged into the Garratts stable, gives a hint of what will be the fate of the impressive 60 class.

Cowra shunter 3108
The Cowra shunting (switching) loco, a 4-6-0 number 3108 goes about duties in Cowra rail yards. As this class, and other such elderly shunting locos had the chain and hook type couplings and buffers, the wagon behind the loco, while serving as a mobile shunters platform as can be seen, is chiefly for the purpose of being able to when necessary, provide compatability for vehicles with the later introduced auto type couplings.

Albury shunter 5135
At the former break of gauge location of Albury on the Victoria - New South Wales border, two 50 class steam locos were kept on standby for shunting. Standard goods 5135, one of a once very numerous type of 2-8-0, was one of these in the mid 1960s.

A 38 class at Dubbo
On the Central West express between Dubbo and Lithgow, the 38 class was renouned for being able to keep a better schedule than the diesels which were to replace them. This loco, apparently 3802 or 3803, was resting in the yards near the depot at Dubbo, between its turns of duty in the days before diesel electrics nudged such steam power out.

12 and 17 class locos Cowra 1965
At Easter 1965, a special train arrived at Cowra with the vintage train drawn by two vintage steam locos of the 12 and 17 classes

loco 5132 Goulburn shunter
A Goulburn yards shunter, 5132, was requisitioned on account of the Association of Railway Enthusiasts for a leisurely jaunt on the now well closed Crookwell line out of Goulburn. The picture above, constituted the scene at one of the photo stops. Passengers with cameras have alighted and the train has backed up. It is here seen here in the fading sunlight performing for the said photographers, the shadows of whom are being cast in the foreground.

Garrat at Dubbo
A 4-6-4, 30 class tank engine stands on the loco runaround track between platforms 3 and 4 at Sydney's Central station awaiting the time to place the attached train in its allocated platform. Some of these engines finished their useful life in the role of shunting locomotives.

Garratt under maintenance Broadmeadow
Maintenance is an important part of a rail system. Here a Garratt has had its piston removed at Broadmeadow for one reason or another. An idea can be gained to part of the mechanics of the loco.

steam loco 5190 Goulburn
There were a number of steam shunters at Goulburn. Such locos, as at other depots, saw out most of the remainder of their lives on such duties having been displaced by diesel electrics. Loaded with coal, 5190 reverses from the Goulburn depot to the yards in the early morning for its turn of duty.

3013 tank engine 
 and train arriving Newcastle from Toronto
Snapped for posterity with a Kodak Retinette 1A 35MM camera on a warm Saturday afternoon in 1963, well before the days of present electrification, was this passing local train about to arrive at Newcastle. It was returning from Toronto and was in charge of 30 class tank engine number 3013.

3092 probably at Young
Locomotive 3092 equipped with a six wheel tender, and being another version of the tank class in the previous picture, shunts the cars from the overnight mail train probably at Young, June 1967

3808 Goulburn on the 
 Southern Highlands Express
The Southern Highlands express, with 3808 at the head, awaits departure time at Goulburn Platform before leaving on its over 100 mile run to Sydney on which it stops most stations in paradoxical fashion to its given name.

3801 at Goulburn on the 
 Southern Highlands Express
The Southern Highlands express at the platform at Goulburn with 3808 about to depart, as the fireman ponders the important task of shovelling much coal from the tender into the hungry fire to maintain the steam pressure which will drive the train forward, towards its Central Station arrival appointment in Sydney, more than one hundred miles distant.

Steam shunter and 44 class
 diesel locos Sydney Central
A 30 class tank, shunting loco, waits at Central station Sydney while two 44 class locomotives arrive to couple to their train the steam shunter has placed at the platform.

Grenfell mixed at Grenfell
The afternoon mixed from Grenfell awaits departure time at the Grenfell station platform in September 1965 with a 30 class loco with 6 wheel tender in charge.

5412 at Hexam with a train of coal hoppers
The driver of 5412 wisely leans out to check the road ahead, or should I say behind? as his loco and train, consisting of a Long rake of unbraked four wheel coal hoppers trundles tender first past the platform at Hexam. The train is a 'down coal' and is heading to Maitland.

5456 and some loaded 
 coal hoppers near Hexam
A view of some of the infamous four wheel coal hoppers near Hexam North of Newcastle, loaded with coal with loco 5456 awaiting its next assignment while resting on the siding in the background.

South Maitland Railways 
 loco number 23
The privately run South Maitland Railway, operated a coal railway with the loco depot shown in the above picture featuring the lines of number 23, being near Hexam. These locos were reportedly a tank version of the 50-54 class operated by the New South Wales Railways.

50 class yard pilot at Junee
Junee is a railway town about midway between the Victorian border and Sydney which was in steam days, a major depot. On a blazing hot summer day, a standard goods 50 class goes about its duties as acting yard pilot.

3813 on the Southern Highlands Express
Further to a picture above: The young calf in the paddock is more curious about the photographer than the Sydney bound Southern Highlands express with 3813 up front, rushing past behind him.

3638 at Sydney on 
 the Moss Vale Sunday night train
Towards the end of steam days in New South Wales, 3638 was reconditioned and is seen here at Sydney Central station at the head of the Sunday evening train to Moss Vale.

Near Koorawatha NSW
 the engine had developed a loose 
 tyre on a main driving wheel
In the early 1960s, I came across a train in trouble; it had developed a loose tyre -- a tyre on one of the main driving wheels had come loose and the crew was standing in a paddock figuring out what to do about it. The driver said he heard a loud bang as one of the rivets worked loose and was sheared off by a connecting rod. Progress consequently was then at at walking speed rather than at express speed. In the days of telegraph wires which were along the trackside, communication was not what it is today. I became the messenger to the Station Master at Koorawatha with the news of where the train was. Concern was for a passenger whom it was feared would miss his connection with another train.

3214 on a 
 work train south of Goulburn
In the latter days of steam, it was very unusual to see a steam powered train south of Goulburn. An exception was 4-6-0 number 3214 on a work train running south tender first.

Southern Highlands Express Muralan
The Southern Highlands express, with 3813, accelerates away from Murulan on a crisp winter morning, to the sounds of sharp and quickening exhaust blasts, while putting on a steamy show enhanced by the rays of the morning sun rising.

38 class locomotives
 in the roundhouse at a country depot
A typically regular scene in country depot roundhouses such as, Goulburn or Broadmeadow near Newcastle; multiple 38 class locomotives are stabled side by side, but are kept in steam in readiness for their next sprint along the main line.

3813 with the Sydney bound
 Southern Highlands Express
Green liveried 3813, at the head of the Sydney bound Southern Highlands express speeds along near Bundanoon on a still, chilly, frosty morning, with the exhaust from the loco's fire and cylinders, which have produced the power for the job at hand hovering above the train and forming a long expanding cloud, which with the incense from the coal fire it contains, fades only, after the action has well passed.

A 59 class approaching Goulburn
On the outskirts of Goulburn, a Sydney bound 59 class with a goods train departs; and is seen here crossing the brick arch viaduct. The remaining supports of an even older two track bridge can be seen in the foreground.

Goods loco 5486
Elderly 0-6-0 number 1923 which even precedes that date, still sporting inside cylinders and original three wheel tender, was photographed while at Broadmeadow, stabled on a track from a one of the turntables, beside Goods loco 5486 and 0ther locos of the 50 class which were used on the coal traffic in the Hexam - Newcastle area.

3313 taking coal at Dubbo
A loco takes on coal at Dubbo in the central west. Likely 3313.

3249 on Menindee lake inlet channel bridge
(b&w) In the mid 1960s, the Association of Railway Enthusiasts sponsored a long weekend tour to Adelaide South Australia, and then onwards to experience the narrow gauge between Port Pirie and Broken Hill before it was converted to standard gauge. While in Broken Hill, which is over the border in New South Wales, opportunity was taken to make use of the standard gauge yard shunter, 3249, to run a tour to Menindee some 60 or so miles away. The picture above, is of the train, on the return trip, at a photo stop featuring it on the bridge over the channel by which Lake Menindee is filled when the Darling River is in flood. The captured water is later released into the river in dryer times, and is used for irrigation downstream. The scene above was from the dam wall of lake Menindee which is behind us. The highway bridge is the other side of the rail bridge and can be seen in the background. This section of railway, when gauges were standardised, became part of the direct trans continental standard gauge between Sydney and Perth, and this location is 1019 kilometers from Sydney by rail according to the marker on the Sydney side of the bridge. A sign at the rail bridge reveals it was -- "Fabricated by  Per Way W'shops, Way and Works Branch Chullora".

Bathurst shunting
 locomotive 2606 at Bathurst
Photographed at Bathurst was this locomotive, saddle tank number number 2606 It was one of the more uncommon type of loco on the New South Wales system and was utilised for shunting activities at Bathurst.

Garratt loco 6040 at Dubbo
Garratt 6040 parades through the yards at Dubbo before departing with a goods train to Orange.

3823 at Lithgow
Based at Lithgow, were some 38 class locomotives to work passenger trains to the west of Lithgow to Bathurst and Dubbo. Electric locomotives hauled trains between Lithgow and Sydney with steam power taking over at Lithgow. Here, 3823 was noted at the Lithgow depot as it rested between assignments. Some of the other locomotives in the sheds seen in the distance, as verified by another photo, were 3830, 3617, 3824, 3801 plus a selection smaller locos.

3021 at probably Richmond
Taken from memory at Richmond before electrification. Suburban tank loco 3021 rests for the weekend.

On the turntable at Orange 
 NSW is 3610
Loco 3610 rides on the turntable at Orange.

Garratt 6040 backs onto
 its train at Dubbo
Garratt 6040, which is seen in a picture below after departure, backs onto its train at Dubbo.

Baldwin 5904 on stand by at Bathurst
The 59 class at Bathurst, as well as the 36 class, were used for pushing, which was known as 'banking' trains, in the rear up the Tumulla bank to the west, and Raglan bank, to the east of the town and 5904 was on call for this duty.

Garratt 6040 heads from Dubbo to Orange
A 60 class Garratt, number 6040, heads out along the main line from Dubbo towards Orange in the mid west of New South Wales towards Orange

Bathurst banker loco
Immediate steep grades are obstacles for trains leaving Bathurst in either direction. A long train of loaded bogie wheat hoppers, drawn by two 45 class diesel electrics up front, is assisted up the long grade from Bathurst to Raglan by Baldwin steam loco 5904 which was the banker engine for that direction at the time. Class 36 locomotives were at the time, being used to push heavy trains up the Tumulla bank on the other side of Bathurst.

Garratt 6040 from the heights of a central west coal stage
A 260 ton Garratt, number 6040, is reduced in size when viewed from the heights of a coal stage in the central west.

3612 at Werris Creek
At the loco depot at Werris Creek on a still and chilled very late night under the glow of a yard light, a 36 class 4-6-0 number 12, is kept on standby for its next duty. The fire, which is fed regularly with coal to maintain some boiler pressure, radiates its warmth into the cab which makes the cab a most pleasant place to spend a little time thawing out.

Glen Innes Train departing Guyra
On a warm summers day in January 1963, The Glen Innes train, consisting of two cars and a van with a 32 class in charge, departs Guyra after its scheduled stop, and accelerates out of town through the hand operated rail/road gates and puts on such a turn of speed for the remainder of its journey, that catching it up for more photos was out of he question.

Newcastle Flyer with 3828
Before diesel, and then electric powered trains took over, the air conditioned Newcastle Flyer, maintained a fast non stop schedule to Gosford where the steam power was swapped for the remainder of the run to Sydney. At Newcastle passenger platform, the train crew walk towards their steed which is impatiently blowing off the excess steam built up for its soon to be commenced dash down the main line.

Albury Shunter
Two standard goods 2-8-0 engines were kept as shunters at Albury in the later days of steam. One of these engines with a longish train, heads in the direction of Wodonga

ARE tour with Albury shunter
Albury before 1962, was a break of gauge location where passengers and goods had to change gauges. After the standard gauge was extended to melbourne from Albury, the broad gauge was still utilised. The Association of Railway Enthusiasts, sponsored a tour from Melbourne to Albury and Culcairn with a Victorian R class hauled train on the Broad gauge and a standard goods loco hauled train on the standard gauge train to Culcairn. It was a long day being of some 450 miles. Some photo action stops were provided, and this is of one between Albury and Table Top

Shunter tank Loco Sydney and 46 electric
What's this? A tank engine on the express? No, not really! A tank shunting loco, stands at number 4 platform at Sydney Central station with its current shunting job, while a 46 class electric locomotive and its train, occupies number 5 platform

Shunting tank loco and a 38 class Central Station Sydney
A tank shunting locomotive stands with its train on the loco run around track between numbers 3 and 4 platforms, while a much bigger boilered 38 class fills in for a smaller shunter by helping out by means of the shunting of its own train from number 5 platform.

Coal haul to Newcastle
Goods loco 5132 passes beneath some main running lines as it heads another train of coal in 4 wheel non braked hoppers near Newcastle.

38 at Moss Vale
When steam hauled the late afternoon or early evening Moss Vale train from Sydney, the train was turned around and stabled in the yards at Moss Vale, and kept in light steam ready for the return run to Sydney early the following morning. On a foggy crisp night, pitch black except for the effects of a few dim yard lights, a 38 class snoozes at the head of its train at Moss Vale, interrerupted only by motor vehicle headlights which were shone upon it by a passing photographer attempting a time exposure on color slide film to record the now long extinct, but once routine occurrence.

BELOW: Some 8mm film from the 1960s from

Other Pages

Other Pages
Pulling up the old Central Australia Railway
The L class Electrics of the Victorian Railways
Some Steam trains of Australia
Marree Pictures: Outback Australia + Railway History
The abt Wilderness Railway West Coast Tasmania
How an abt Wilderness Railway Steam Locomotive works
Tasmania's Last Long Distance Passenger train
Edith River Railway Bridge Works Northern Territory
60 pictures of New South Wales Railways in the 1960s
Bass Strait Passenger Ships and Vehicle Ferries
Bass Strait Passenger Ship History
Hobart Star aground Princes Pier Port Melbourne 1963
The Port Welshpool - Georgetown Seacat
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