Some Steam hauled trains
in Australia
Over 50 pictures with information of the
operational New South Wales Steam
in the 1960s
38 class steam locomotives 
 resting at Broadmeadow loco 
 depot New South Wales Australia
Also See 24 pictures with information of the
West Coast Wilderness Railway Tasmania November 2008

abt engine no 1 on the 
 turntable at Queenstown - 
 West Coast Wilderness 
 Railway Tasmania
Pictures below can be clicked on to advance to next   Videos at bottom of page
Garratt G42 and 7NA on the Puffing Billy railway
 Dandenong Ranges Victoria Australia March 27 2006
2' 6" gauge Garratt Locomotive G42 and 7NA on the Puffing Billy railway at Belgrave Victoria March 27 2006
Click here to see Garratt G42 on the Monbulk Creek Bridge
Click here to see Puffing Billy on the same Bridge

NSW Railway's 3801 on a
 special train on the southern line
The New South Wales Railway's C38 Class
      There were 30 4-6-2 locomotives in the 38 class. Many considered these as the pinacle of Australian steam locomotive development. They were built under the New South Wales Railways Chief Mechanical Engineer, Harold Young with the first five being built by Clyde Engineering Co. between 1943 and 1945 under Wartime conditions. These were streamlined with a bullet nose with central headlight and casing along the top of the boiler. Thirteen more were built by NSW railway workshops at eveleigh, while the railway workshops at Cardiff built a further 12. The later two batches, were minus the streamlining mentioned above. The weight of these locos was around 200 tons which restricted the number of lines on which they could operate. They were not fitted with mechanical stokers eventhough the grate area was some 47 square feet. The 38s became the locos of the Melbourne Limited, the Riverina and other major trains on the Southern line, as well as on the Newcastle line and the Central West Express. Although the driving wheel diameter was 5ft 9inches, the 'pacifics' kept to 70 MPH schedules and speeds over 80 MPH were recorded. Dieselisation, rendered these locos to lesser passenger duties and to freight service. Boiler pressure was 245 lbs sq. in., the highest of any Australian loco. Cylinders were 21 1/2" X 26" and tractive effort was 36,200 lb. In 1970, 3801 was the first steam locomotive to travel across the continent from Sydney to Perth and return on the new standard gauge track. At least three C38s have been preserved: 3801, 3820 and 3830.

NSW Railways Garratt Loco
 on a train between Dubbo and Orange via Molong 
 in the west double heading with a 36 
 class which is leading
Garratt Loco - New South Wales
      These AD60 class locos, with the wheel arrangement of 4-8-4+4-8-4, and tractive effort of 63,000 lbs, were the most powerful steam locomotives in Australia. The total weight of each was some 265 tons with a length of 108 feet. There were 42 in the class. --Built by Beyer Peacock (UK) the first were delivered in 1952. They were the first Garratts to be to be provided with cast-steel engine frames and integrally cast cylinders. They were intended for the hauling of coal and for operation over the Blue Mountains West of Sydney, but they were soon hauling heavy freight over most of the NSW rail system. Despite their huge weight, they had a light axle load, which suited them to wheat traffic, concentrates, and general traffic. The decline of the class began in 1955 when many were rendered surplus by dieselization soon after they were assembled. The AD60 class remained in service in diminishing numbers until 1970. At least 4 have been preserved: 6029, 6039, 6040 and 6042. Other Details: Driving wheel diameter 4' 7", Cylinders: 19 1/4" X 26", Boiler pressure 200 lb.

Spirit of Progress
' Spirit of Progress'
Australia's first all steel  air conditioned train
It commenced the run of about 200 miles non stop between Albury and Melbourne in 1937. The Loco is a three cylinder 4-6-2 of which there were four numbered S300 to S303. The third cylinder was in the center and operated onto the cranked center driving axle. The S class, were designed by Mr. E.A. Smith who was chief mechanical engineer of the Victorian Railways from 1919, to 1928. The S class locos eliminated costly double heading of the Sydney Limited. They were built at the Victorian Railway's Newport workshops Melbourne between 1928-33 and were streamlined between 1936-38 to haul the new train. The airconditioning and electric power was provided by axle driven equipment beneath each car. The locomotive tenders were enlarged to 35 & a half feet and fitted with 2 six wheel bogies to carry enough water for non stop running to Albury on the Victoria/New South Wales border. At the time, coal capacity was reduced from 9 tons to 7 and a half tons, but water capacity was increased from 8,600 gallons. At Albury, passengers changed between trains on the five foot three gauge and the 4 foot eight & 1/2" NSW gauge for continuation of their journey to or from Sydney the NSW capital. Here are details of the locos: Cylinders (3) 20 & one half inch diameter; 28 inch stroke, Driving wheels 6 foot + 15/16" diameter; engine & tender 76 feet; Engine weight 114 tons 10cwt; tender 109tons 7 cwt - total 223 tons 17cwt; Adhesive weight 70 tons 10cwt; axle load (max) 23 tons 10 cwt; Boiling heating surface - Flues and tubes 2,861 sq ft; firebox 292 sq ft; superheater 570 sq ft - total 3,723 sq ft; grate area 50 sq ft; Boiler pressure 200 lb sq in; tractive effort at 85% boiler pressure 41,670 lb; tender capacity 12,600 gallons water, oil 2,000 gallons; Valve gear Walschaert; Speed 70 miles per hour; S301 (Sir Thomas Mitchell, built 1929), with worn cylinders due for replacement, and a mileage of 1,147,408 was the first of the class to be scrapped in October 1953. Usable parts were stored for possible further use. S302 (Edward Henty, built 1929) during its life of 25 years, held the greatest mileage with a total of 1,446,468. It was scrapped in July 1954. S300 (Matthew Flinders, built 1928), after covering 1,254,806 miles, was withdrawn from service on September 17, 1954. S303 (C.J. Latrobe, built 1930), with a mileage of 1,139,978 was scrapped in May 1954. The four S class were converted from coal to oil in 1951-52. Newly introduced Diesel electric locos took over the run. Some eight years later, the 4'8 & 1/2 gauge was extended from Albury to Melbourne and interstate trains now run through although the 5'3" gauge is still used by Albury trains.

Victorian Railways R class steam Locomotives
Victorian Railway's R class
The locomotives of the 'R' class were designed as fast passenger train engines. They were built by the North British Locomotive Co. of Scotland. Seventy arrived in Australia in the early 1950s at about the time diesel electric locomomotives were being introduced. The R class therefore had limited use on passenger trains and they ended their days mainly on freight trains. They are the only 4-6-4 tender type locomotives to work in Australia. Some seven of these have been preserved with some operational. They were designed with mechanical stokers and roller bearing axle boxes on loco and tender. They were designed for possible conversion from broad gauge (5' 3") to standard gauge (4' 8 1/2") should the need have arisen. Two, R711 and R766 were converted to oil burners in the former West Coast Railway workshops at Ballarat in the 1990s to run tourist services on the Warnambool line. The Warnambool line las reverted to VLine control and diesels now run all regular services. R711, was fitted with a consul to enable a diesel electric, operating as second loco, to be controlled by the R711's driver. R766 was on static display in a park near Bendigo Railway station before it was returned to service firstly as a coal burner. It was replaced in the park by R711. R711 was later also retreived and restored to operation. Details: Driving wheels 6' 1", Cylinders: 21 1/2 X 28 inches, Boiler pressure: 210 p.s.i., Weight 187 tons, Tractive effort 32,080 lbs. The picture above is of R707 on the turntable at Ballarat before the loco shed was demolished.
R749 prepares to Lead another of its class from Ballarat to Melbourne

ASG locomotive stored at Wynyard about 1960
This Tasmanian Government Railways Australian Standard Garratt no. G12, was stored out of service in this siding at Wynyard about 1960. It was was purchased by the privately run minerals carrying railway -- The Emu Bay Railway in June 1962 to became no.20A, (pictured below) as the replacement of their locomotive no.20 of the same class, which was wrecked in a downhill runaway on the long grade approaching Burnie on February 20 1962. The purchase of this locomotive was a measure to overcome a motive power shortage. Diesel hydraulic locomotives began to arrive in August 1963 and the first of four operating EBR Garratts, (no.16) was withdrawn, the other three, including 20A, being withdrawn in September 1963. Although no.16 was withdrawn in August 1963, It was used to operate an enthusiast's special to Zeehan on the West Coast in March 1964. The H and M class in two pictures below, are an earlier earlier part of that tour.

Garratt locomotive 20A, 
 Pieman River Tasmania February 1963
Australian Standard Garratt 3ft 6in gauge on Pieman River Bridge West Coast Tasmania in February 1963. Motor vehicles were carried on this railway before the highway was completed soon after this photo was taken. These 4-8-2+2-8-4 locomotives were built during World War II in Australia and served in Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and Tasmania -- where they were most successful. One unit worked on a private limestone quarry line at Geelong Victoria. This one was kept longer than the others and is consequently the only survivor, and presently on display at the Railway museum, Williamstown Victoria. As a matter of interest, the driving wheels on the ASGs, is of the same pattern and diameter as on the Western Australian 'S' class locos which entered service about the same period in the 1940s.   Click here to see S547 awaiting restoration on the Bellarine Peninsula Railway in Victoria
The four classes of Garratts of Tasmania

Devonport railway station early 1960s
On Devonport railway station Tasmania early 1960s
Two X class English Electric Diesel Locos, lead a H class 4-8-2 steam Loco towards the nearby Devonport locomotive depot.  (The Tasmanian X class were the first diesel electric mainline locomotives to operate in Australia and were the first locos capable of being operated in multiple. They were introduced 1950-52 and there were more than 30 in this class which displaced most Tasmanian steam power. They 6 had cylinders in line with bore=10in and stroke=12in; and developed 600 horsepower at 750RPM. Seven have been preserved.)  Click here to see the Princess of Tasmania berthed in the Mersey River exactly opposite this location.

M2 on the weekday Devonport - 
 Burnie workers train
Locomotive M2 4-6-2 on the approx. 30 mile run, returning from Burnie on a weekday afternoon in the early 1960s with the Devonport-Burnie workers train -- which carried mainly commuters to and from the Paper mills at Burnie. Two of the cars are ex SP steam powered railcars which were converted to loco hauled cars. The train which ran close to the edge of Bass Strait for some 20 miles between Burnie and Ulverstone is pictured just west of Penguin.

H5 arriving back at Devonport 
 with a special - March 7 1964
H Class 4-8-2 number 5 with a special tour, arriving back at Devonport from Deloraine on March 7 1964, from where a tour to Mole Creek with CCS25 had been run. H5 was here changed for M6 (next picture) There were 8 similar locos in the H class.

M6 leaving Devonport March 7 1964
M6, of a class of 10 similar 4-6-2s, is here in original green livery, and is shown departing Devonport for Burnie after changing locomotives from the H shown in the previous picture. The bow of the Bass Strait Ferry Princess of Tasmania, can be just seen on the left of the picture, This locomotive was later painted red for centenary celebrations, and after it was retired, was taken to Victoria where it has been in service at the Bellarine Peninsula Railway between Queenscliff and Drysdale. Four of these locos later had their 4ft 7in driving wheels replaced with smaller 4ft diameter wheels from out of service Australian Standard Garratts. These were then reclassified Ma class, being intended for use primarily on Tasmania's more steeply graded lines. (see next picture) Click here to see M6 under progressing restoration at Queenscliff September 2006.

MA2 and train on the Don River 
 railway at Don Junction Tasmania
MA2 and train at Don Junction on the restored Don River Railway Devonport Tasmania
      Click here to see a pdf file of MA2 with a Don River Railway special train on the Burnie wharf beside the MV Abel Tasman

A Former Western Australian W class steam locomotive
 and train in the Pichi Richi Pass South Australia
A former Western Australian Railways 4-8-2 W class steam locomotive and train in the Pichi Richi Pass through the scenic Flinders Ranges in the outback of the state of South Australia. This 3ft 6in gauge railway, was once part of the Central Australia Railway from Port Augusta to Alice Springs, while passengers travelling west from the East and south, passed through the junction of Quorn and onward to western Australia via Port Augusta along this section where they changed to standard gauge trains to Kalgoolie. So this section also formed part of the railway system across Australia. After the 5ft 3in gauge from the south and the 4ft 8-1/2inch gauge section from the west eventually joined up at Port Pirie to the east, this section was largely bypassed by east-west passengers, and was eventually closed after the standard gauge was extended to Marree from where the narrower gauge trains which once traversed this section, then started from. This created a change of gauge location at Marree well into the outback. But the main reason for extending the standard gauge was to transport coal from Leigh Creek to the Port Augusta power station. Marree is a little further on. The line through Pich Richi Pass was eventually bypassed completely therefore, and laid in disuse for many years until restored to operation by the Pichi Richi Preservation Society. This railway was reopened in sections the first section being between Quorn and Woolshed Flat. It now operates between Port Augusta and Quorn.

Frosty morning Canberra enthusiast special
Frosty morning photo run Canberra special with 3214 leading another 32 class mid 1960s

700 class farewell - Willunga line S.A. 1960s
A last run of a S.A. 700 class loco - Special Willunga line 1960s

The Zig Zag railway near Lithgow
Ex Queensland Railways (3' 6" gauge) loco, BB18-1/4 1072, on the Zig Zag Railway near Lithgow New South Wales (NSW). The Zig Zag which originally had NSW 4' 8 1/2" gauge track, and was built in the shape of a Z carved into the mountains together with tunnels and stone viaducts, by which trains originally ascended or descended some 600 feet by reversing up or down the middle of the Z before resuming running in their forward direction. The Zig Zag was bypassed by the use of a different more direct route about 1910 after some 40 years operation, during which mishaps were not uncommon. The original track was dismantled. Tourist trains now run over the section on 3' 6" track using restored locomotives and cars from 3' 6" railways from the states Queensland and South Australia (S.A.). The cars in the picture above are originally from S.A.

Victor Harbour special climbing the
Adelaide hills
Preserved 620 'pacific' now under the care of Steamranger on a Victor Harbour special climbing the Adelaide hills in South Australia on the 5' 3" gauge - before the track was converted to 4' 8 1/2" as part of the project to standardize the rail gauges between Australian States.

On Stoney Creek Falls bridge North
PB class steam locomotive and train on the Stoney Creek Falls bridge on the line between Cairns and Kuranda in North Queensland.


Garratt 6029 to Parkes 1981
from G.Reid on Vimeo.

Three steam trains to Seymour
from G.Reid on Vimeo.

Other Pages
Video Page
Pulling up the old Central Australia Railway - videos
The Tasmanian Wilderness Rack Railway
Tasmania's Last Long Distance Passenger Train
The Workings of a Mt Lyall Abt Steam Locomotive
New South Wales Steam in the 1960s
      Over 50 pictures of operational steam locomotives
The L class Electrics of the Victorian Railways
Marree: Outback Australia
      Pictures of remains of the town and Dual Gauge remnants
Port Welshpool - Georgetown Seacat Catamaran
      Pictures of the ferry arriving, and at Welshpool
Bass Strait Passenger Ships and Ferries
Bass Strait Passenger Shipping History
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